Sacred Heart Cathedral Catholic School - Dodge City, KS

SPELLING TIPS

SPELLING TIPS  1. When the sound in the middle of a word is KS and you are not sure if the spelling is  CC or XC.
 The rule is ACC and EXC, for example:
  A E access excess accept except accident exciting accessory excerpt accelerate excellent
 
 
PRE or PER


 When a word starts with the letters PRE or PER which order do you put the letters in? 
 Remember that PRE is a prefix that means BEFORE or sometimes IN FRONT OF or IMPORTANT.
 If you are unsure if a word starts with PRE or PER, ask yourself if the word relates to any of the above meanings.
 
Examples: 

                               PRE PER
  WORD MEANING WORD        MEANING

              PREDICT             FORETELL                    PERFORM       TO PUT ON AN ACT

             PREMIERE           FIRST VIEWING           PERFUME        NICE SMELLING SUBSTANCE

            PREPARE      GET READY IN ADVANCE      PERFECT        CAN'T BE IMPROVED

           PREFORMED        MADE BEFORE                PERMANENT   LASTING FOREVER

  
****Notice how there aren’t any parts of any word meanings in the fourth column are in bold. This is because none them are related to the meanings of BEFORE, IN FRONT OF or IMPORTANT.

Spelling Rules

NINE IMPORTANT SPELLING RULES:

1 . I before E except after C, when the sound rhymes with “bee”.  

2. Making plurals:

usually you can just add an “s”, BUT, if the word ends with s,x,z,ch or sh, you add “es”.  

3. Making plurals when the word ends with “y”: 

if the word ends with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u), then “y”, just add an “s”, such as donkey….donkeys  BUT, if the word ends with a consonant then “y”, drop the y and add “ies”, such as  baby...babies.

4. Adding suffixes when the word ends with a “y”:

drop the “y” add the “i” plus the suffix, such as worry...worried, UNLESS you are adding “ing”,  such as worry...worrying.  

5. Adding suffixes when the word ends with “e”:

if the next letter is a consonant, keep the “e” as in “amazement”, BUT, if the next letter is a   vowel, drop the “e” as in amazing.

6. Doubling the consonant before adding “ing”:

    if the last three letters have a vowel in the middle, then you double the consonant, as in  stop…stopping and begin...beginning.  

7. Adding “ible” or “able”:

     if the word is a word on its own (root word) without the suffix, as with tax, remark, or  enjoy, add “able”. IF the word is NOT a word on its own (root or base word) without the            suffix, as with terr, vis, or horr, add ible. Such as with terrible, visible or horrible. 

8. Words ending in “ick” or “ic”:

     if the word has only one syllable, use “ick”...click, pick the word has two or more syllables,          use “ic”...panic, Titanic, traffic

9. Words ending with “cal” or “cle”;

     if the word is an adjective (describing wor d), use “cal” as in “comical” and “logical’ BUT, if the word is a noun(naming word), use “cle”, such as “bicycle” or “vehicle”.
 
 

 

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